As national environmental legislation matures around the world, there is a corresponding growth in environmental litigation.  Regardless of whether a country’s legal system is based in the civil law, the common law, Islamic law, traditional law, or other legal framework, a central principle of all legal systems is to rely on fundamental fairness.  As our world is faced with making increasingly difficult environmental decisions, more pressure is put on courts and tribunals to apply the Rule of Law in environmental proceedings.  With this in mind, the Pace University School of Law has established an International Judicial Institute for Environmental Adjudication (IJIEA). The Institute’s goal is to foster professionalism and effectiveness in environmental adjudications world-wide, as a contribution to strengthening the rule of law and furthering sustainable development.