Bridget J. Crawford

  • University Distinguished Professor
  • Professor of Law
Preston Hall 322
W 11:15AM-12:15PM; other times by appointment; walk-ins always welcome
Assistant: Judy Jaeger
Preston Hall 317
(914) 422-4292

Education

BA, Yale University 
JD, University of Pennsylvania Law School
PhD, Griffith Law School (Brisbane, Aus.)

Professor Bridget J. Crawford teaches Federal Income Taxation; Estate and Gift Taxation; and Wills, Trusts and Estates. Her scholarship focuses on issues of taxation, especially wealth transfer taxation; property law, especially wills and trusts; tax policy; and gender and the law. Professor Crawford's scholarship has been published in journals including the Washington University Law Review, The University of Chicago Legal ForumBoston University Law Review, U.C. Davis Law Review, Washington & Lee Law Review, and specialty journals at Harvard, Yale, Columbia, the University of Pennsylvania, and the University of Michigan.

Prior to joining the Pace faculty, Professor Crawford practiced law at Milbank Tweed Hadley & McCloy LLP in New York (now Milbank LLP). Her practice was concerned with income, estate and gift tax planning for individuals, as well as tax and other advice to closely-held corporations and exempt organizations.

Professor Crawford is a member of the American Law Institute and the American College of Trust and Estate Counsel. She is the former Editor of the ACTEC Journal. Professor Crawford is the former chair of the AALS Section on Women in Legal Education and the AALS Section on Trusts & Estates. She is one of 26 law professors profiled in the book by Michael Hunter Schwartz et al., What the Best Law Teachers Do, recently published by Harvard University Press. From 2008 through 2012, Professor Crawford served as Pace Law School's inaugural Associate Dean for Research and Faculty Development, and she served again in that role in 2014-2015.  Her book Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Opinions of the United States Supreme Court (co-edited with Linda L. Berger and Kathryn M. Stanchi), was published by Cambridge University Press in 2016.  Her following book, Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Tax Opinions (co-edited with Anthony C. Infanti), was published by Cambridge University Press in 2017. Professor Crawford is the co-editor of a series of Feminist Judgments books that cover a wide range of subject matters. Professor Crawford is a co-author of three casebooks: Federal Taxes of Gratuitous Transfers: Law & Planning (with Joseph M. Dodge & Wendy C. Gerzog), the seventh edition of Federal Income Taxation: Cases and Materials (with Joel Newman & Dorothy Brown), and the second edition of Wills, Trusts & Estates: An Integrated Approach (with Danaya C. Wright & Michael J. Higdon).

You can follow Professor Crawford on Twitter at @ProfBCrawford

Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Tax Opinions book cover   Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Opinions of the United States Supreme Court book cover   Federal Taxes on Gratuitous Transfers: Law and Planning book cover   Critical Tax Theory book cover   Federal Income Taxation 7th edition book cover   Wright-Higdon-Crawford Wills, Estates and Trusts book cover   Menstruation Matters book cover

Publications

SSRN

Selected Book Chapters and Law Review Articles by Professor Crawford:

"A Behavioral Economics Analysis of Will-Making Preferences in Australia: When to Begin and Who Should Have Input?," 32 Minn. J. Int’l L. (forthcoming 2023) (co-author with Tina Cockburn, Kelly Purser, Ho Fai Chan, Stephen Whyte & Uwe Dulleck)

"Yesterday's Protestor May Be Tomorrow's Saint: Reimagining the Tax System Through the Work of Dorothy Day," 76 Tax L. Rev. (forthcoming 2023) (co-author with W. Edward Afield)

"Pink Tax and Other Tropes," 33 Yale J.L. & Feminism (forthcoming 2022)

"Managing and Monitoring the Menopausal Body," 2022 U. Chi. Legal Forum (forthcoming 2022) (co-author with Naomi R. Cahn & Emily Gold Waldman)

"Contextualizing Menopause in the Law," 43 Harv. J. Gender & Law 1 (2022) (co-author with Emily Gold Waldman & Naomi R. Cahn)

"Working Through Menopause," 99 Wash. U. L. Rev. 1531 (2022) (co-author with Emily Gold Waldman & Naomi R. Cahn)

"Critical Tax Theory: Insights from the US and Opportunities for All," 51 Austl. Tax Rev. 81 (2022) (co-author with Anthony C. Infanti)

"Estate and Gift Tax Valuation of Cannabis Business Interests," 2022 Tr. & Est. 22 (co-author with Jonathan G. Blattmachr & Mitchell M. Gans)

"Estate Planning for the Cannabis Business Owner: An Introduction," 47 ACTEC L.J. (2021) (co-author with Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

"Menstruation and the Bar Exam: Unconstitutional Tampon Bans," 41 Colum. J. Gender & L. 62 (2021)

"Tax Benefits, Higher Education and Race: A Gift Tax Proposal for Direct Tuition Payments," 72 S.C. L. Rev. 783 (2021) (co-author with Wendy C. Gerzog) (symposium)

"Period Poverty in a Pandemic: Harnessing Law to Achieve Menstrual Equity," 98 Wash. U. L. Rev. 1569 (2021) (co-author with Emily Gold Waldman)

"A Taxing Feminism," in Oxford Handbook of Feminism and Law in the United States (Martha Chamallas et al. eds, 2021) (Oxford University Press) (co-author with Anthony C. Infanti)

"Wills Formalities in a Post-Pandemic World: A Research Agenda," 2021 U. Chi. L. Forum 93 (co-author with Kelly Purser & Tina Cockburn)

Teaching with Feminist Judgments,” in Doctrine & Diversity: Inclusion & Equity in the Law School Classroom 241-53 (Nicole P. Dyszlewski et al. eds, 2021) (Carolina Academic Press) (co-author with Kathryn M. Stanchi & Linda L. Berger)

"Law Faculty Experiences Teaching During the Pandemic," 43 St. Louis U. L.J. 1 (2021) (co-author with Michelle S. Simon) (invited publication)

"Reflections on Feminism, Law & Culture: Law Students' Perspectives," 41 Pace L. Rev. 105 (2020) (with multiple student co-authors)

"Wills Formalities Beyond COVID-19: An Australian-United States Perspective," 5 UNSW L.J. Forum 1 (2020) (co-author with Kelly Purser & Tina Cockburn)

Title IX and Menstruation,” 43 Harv. J.L & Gender 225 (2020) (co-author with Margaret E. Johnson & Emily Gold Waldman)

"Taxation as a Site of Memory: Exemptions, Universities, and the Legacy of Slavery," 73 SMU Law Rev. F. 222 (2020)

Basis and Bargain Sales: Income Tax and Other Concerns,” 73 Tax Law. 801 (2020) (with Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

What Probate Courts Cite: Lessons from the New York County Surrogate’s Court 2017-2018,” 53 UC Davis L. Rev. 2125 (2020) (symposium)

Blockchain Wills,” 95 Indiana L.J. 735 (2020)

Teaching with Feminist Judgments: A Global Conversation,” 38 L. & Ineq. 1 (2020) (co-author with Kathryn N. Stanchi, Linda L. Berger et al.)

The Ground on Which We All Stand: A Conversation About Menstrual Equity Law and Activism,” 26 Mich. J. Gender & Law 341 (2020) (co-author with Margaret E. Johnson, Marcy L. Karin, Laura Strausfeld & Emily Gold Waldman)

Talking About Black Lives Matter and #MeToo,” 34 Wisc. J. L. Gender & Soc’y 109 (2019) (co-author with Linda S. Greene, Lolita Buckner Inniss et al.) (symposium)

Why Women? Judging Transnational Courts and Tribunals,” 34 Ct. J. In’tl. L. 319 (2019) (co-author with Kathryn N. Stanchi & Linda L. Berger) (conference paper)

The Common Law as Silver Slippers,” 114 Nw. U. L. Rev. Online 131 (2019)

Tax Talk and Reproductive Technology,” 100 B.U. L. Rev. 1757 (2019)

Learning from Feminist Judgments: Lessons in Language and Advocacy,” 98 Texas L. Rev. Online 40 (2019) (co-author with Linda L. Berger & Kathryn M. Stanchi)

Wills Formalities in the Twenty-First Century,” 2019 Wisc. L. Rev. 269 (symposium)

The Critical Tax Project, Feminist Theory, and Rewriting Judicial Opinions,” 16 Pitt. Tax. Rev. 115 (2019) (co-author with Anthony C. Infanti)

Ministerial Magic: Tax-Free Housing and Religious Employers,” 22 U. Pa. J. Const. L. Online 101 (2019) (co-author with Emily Gold Waldman)

Less Trust Means More Trusts,” 75 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. Online 74 (2019)

The Supreme Court, Due Process and State Income Taxation of Trusts,” 67 UCLA L. Rev. Disc. 2 (2019) (co-author with Michelle S. Simon)

"The Unconstitutional Tampon Tax," 53 U. Rich. L. Rev. 439 (2019) (co-author with Emily Gold Waldman)

The Necessity of Multi-Stranded Feminist Judicial Opinions,” 44 Austl. Feminist L.J. 245  (2018) (refereed publication) (co-author with Kathryn M. Stanchi & Linda L. Berger)

Tampon Tax Be Gone: What the US Can Learn from India’s #LahuKaLagaan Repeal,” 29 Ntl L. Sch. of India L. Rev. Online (2018),

Methods, Impact, and Reach of the Global Feminist Judgments Projects,” 8 Oñati Socio-Legal Series 1215 (2018) (co-author with Linda L. Berger & Kathryn M. Stanchi)

Rewriting Judicial Opinions and the Feminist Scholarly Project,” 94 Notre Dame L. Rev. Online 1 (2018) (symposium on Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Opinions of the United States Supreme Court, Cambridge University Press, 2016) (co-author with Kathryn M. Stanchi & Linda L. Berger)

Feminist Judging Matters: How Feminist Theory and Methods Affect the Process of Judgment,” 47 U. Baltimore L. Rev. 167 (2018) (co-author with Kathryn M. Stanchi & Linda L. Berger) (symposium)

"Tampon Taxes, Discrimination and Human Rights," 2017 Wisc. L. Rev. 491 (co-author with Carla Spivack)

"Using Feminist Theory to Advance Equal Justice Under Law," 17 Nev. L. J. 539 (2017) (co-author with Linda L. Berger and Kathryn M. Stanchi)

"Valuation, Values, Norms: Proposals for Estate and Gift Tax Reform," 57 B.C. L. Rev. 979 (2016) (symposium)

"Portability, Marital Wealth Transfers and the Taxable Unit" (with Wendy C. Gerzog), in Controversies in Tax Law: A Matter of Perspective (Ashgate Publishing, 2015) (Anthony C. Infanti ed.) 

"A Critical Research Agenda for Wills, Trusts and Estates," 49 Real Property, Probate & Trust Law Journal 317 (2014) (co-author with Anthony C. Infanti)

"A Blueprint for Blogger Involvement in Academic Legal Symposia," 2012 Michigan State Law Review 1829.

"The Past, Present, and Future of Critical Tax Theory: A Conversation," 10 Pittsburgh Tax Review 59 (2013) (co-author with Karen B. Brown & Mary Louise Fellows)

"Who Is Afraid of Perpetual Trusts?" 110 Michigan Law Review First Impressions 79 (2012)

"Our Bodies, Our (Tax) Selves," 31 Virginia Tax Review 695 (2012)

"Authentic Reproductive Regulation," 96 Minnesota Law Review Headnotes 31 (2012)

"Taxing Surrogacy," in Challenging Gender Inequality in Fiscal Policy Making: Comparative Research on Taxation 95-108 (Asa Gunnarsonn et al. eds, 2011)

"Third-Wave Feminism, Motherhood and the Future of Feminist Legal Theory," in Gender, Law and Sexualities (Jackie Jones et al. eds. 2011)

"The Currency of White Women's Hair in a Down Economy," 32 Rutgers Women's Rights Law Reporter 45 (2010)

"Sticky Copyrights: Discriminatory Tax Restraints on the Transfer of Intellectual Property," 67 Washington and Lee Law Review 25 (2010)

"Taxation, Pregnancy and Privacy," 16 William and Mary Journal of Women and the Law 327 (2010) (co-winner of 2010 Goettel Prize for Faculty Scholarship)

"The Third Wave's Break from Feminism," 6 International Journal of Law in Context 100 (2010)

"Social Factoring the Numbers with Assisted Reproduction," 19 Texas Journal of Women and the Law (2009) (co-author with Lolita Buckner Inniss)

"Tax Avatars," 2008 Utah Law Review 793 (2008)

"Toward a Third-Wave Feminist Legal Theory: Young Women, Pornography and the Praxis of Pleasure,"  14 Michigan Journal of Gender & Law 99 (2007)  (winner of 2007 Goettel Prize for Faculty Scholarship)

"The Profits and Penalties of Kinship: Conflicting Meanings of Family in Estate Tax Law," 3 Pittsburgh Tax Review (2005)

"One Flesh, Two Taxpayers: A New Approach to Marriage and Wealth Transfer Taxation," 6 Florida Tax Review 757 (2004)

"Daughter of Liberty Wedded to Law’: Gender and Legal Education at the University of Pennsylvania Law Department 1870-1900," 6 The Journal of Gender, Race & Justice 131 (2002)

Books by Professor Crawford

Menstruation Matters: Challenging the Law's Silence on Periods (2022) (co-author with Emily Gold Waldman)

Wills, Trusts & Estates: An Integrated Approach, 2d ed. (West Academic, co-author with Danaya C. Wright & Michael J. Higdon)

Federal Income Taxation: Cases and Materials, 7th ed. (West Academic, co-author with Joel Newman & Dorothy Brown)

Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Tax Opinions (Cambridge University Press, 2017) (co-edited with Anthony C. Infanti)

Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Opinions of the United States Supreme Court (Cambridge University Press, 2016) (co-edited with Linda L. Berger & Kathryn M. Stanchi)

Federal Taxes on Gratuitous Transfers: Law and Planning (Aspen, 2011) (co-author with Joseph M. Dodge & Wendy C. Gerzog)

Critical Tax Theory: An Introduction (Cambridge University Press 2009) (co-edited with Anthony C. Infanti)

Other Writings by Professor Crawford:

"Commentary on Human Rights Case No. 18877 of 2018" in Pakistani Feminist Judgments (Marva Khan & Orubah Satta Ahmed eds., forthcoming) (co-author with Kathryn M. Stanchi)

"Commentary on Strittmater’s Estate," in Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Trusts & Estates Opinions (Deborah S. Gordon, Browne C. Lewis & Carla Spivack et al. eds.) (Cambridge University Press 2020) (co-author with Lloyd Bonfield)

"A Picture of Society with Critical Tax Theory as its Interpreter,” 41 J. Am. Tax’n Ass’n 2018 (co-author with Ashley Unangst)

"A Year Behind on Estate and Gift Tax Law Review Articles? Read This Instead,” 155 Tax Notes 1425 (June 5, 2017)

"Two Years' Worth of Estate and Gift Tax Law Review Articles," 151 Tax Notes 215 (2016)

"Law Review Articles You Should Have Read in 2013 (But Probably Didn’t)," 143 Tax Notes 1305 (2014)

"A Lawyer with a Candlestick in the Conservatory: The Perpetuities Whodunnit," Jotwell (June 10, 2014)

"Planning with Portability Do-Overs (But Only for a Limited Time)," 143 Tax Notes 117 (2014) (co-author with Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

"Basic Gift and Estate Tax Treatment of Joint Tenancies," 141 Tax Notes 229 (2013) (co-author with Michael Epstein)

"Sumner Redstone's 40-Year-Old Gift," 140 Tax Notes 833 (2013)

"Estate Tax and the Civil Rights Vanguard," 138 Tax Notes 123 (2013) 

"Notable Estate and Gift Tax Articles of 2012," 139 Tax Notes 664 (2013)

"Avoid Powers to Revoke, Alter, Amend, or Terminate," 137 Tax Notes 83 (2012) (co-author with Loriann M. Low)

"Gift Taxes, Valuation, and the Need for Quarterly Information Returns," 114 Tax Notes 843 (2012) (co-author with Jay A. Soled)

"Gift Tax Completion and Retained Powers," 135 Tax Notes 1533 (2012)

"The Perils of Jointly-Held General Powers of Appointment," 135 Tax Notes 497 (2012)

"Estate and Gift Tax Must-Reads From 2011," 134 Tax Notes 1453 (2012)

"The Dog Ate My Estate Tax Return," 134 Tax Notes 1187 (2012)

"The Tax Man Wins the Nobel Prize," 133 Tax Notes 1421 (2011) (co-author with Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

"Donating to College Athletics: A Taxing Gesture of Kindness," 133 Tax Notes 229 (2011) (co-author with Troy Lipp)

"United States Estate Taxation of Nonresident Non-Citizens: A Primer," 132 Tax Notes 759 (2011) (co-author with Troy Lipp and Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

"Reform the Gift Tax Annual Exclusion to Raise Revenue," 132 Tax Notes 443 (2011)

"Fixing the Federal Wealth Transfer Tax System", 131 Tax Notes 1281 (2011)

"Estate and Gift Tax Law Review Articles You Should've Read (But Probably Didn't) in 2010," 130 Tax Notes 1195 (2011)

"2010's Popular Reading for Estate and Gift Tax Professionals,"  130 Tax Notes 469 (2011)

"Educational Tax Benefits: More Please," 129 Tax Notes 1323 (2010) (co-author with Shamik Trivedi & Kimberly S. Bliss)

"Nonprobate Assets," The ABA Practical Guide to Estate Planning 61-70 (2011) (Jay A. Soled, ed.) (with Rachel A. Schwartzman)

"Steinbrenner to Estate Tax: Who's Boss?" 129 Tax Notes 477 (2010)

"A Good Time to Die: Family-Based Objections to Inheritance Taxation," Jotwell (Feb. 8, 2010)

"Law Review Articles You Should've Read (but Probably Didn't) in 2009," 126 Tax Notes 397 (2010)

"Celebrity, Death, and Taxes: Michael Jackson's Estate," 125 Tax Notes 345 (2009) (co-author with Joshua C. Tate, Mitchell M. Gans & Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

"Tax Lessons from the Astor Trial," 124 Tax Notes 933 (2009)

"Estate Tax on Gift Tax: The Liability Conundrum," 123 Tax Notes 1264 (2009) (co-author with Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

"The Estate Tax Fundamentals of Celebrity and Control," 118 Yale Law Journal Pocket Part 50 (2008) (co-author with Mitchell M. Gans & Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

"How Low Can You Go? Some Consequences of Substituting a Lower AFR Note for a Higher AFR Note," 109 Journal of Taxation 22 (2008) (co-author with Jonathan G. Blattmachr & Elisabeth O. Madden)

"Post-Mortem Rights of Publicity: The Federal Estate Tax Consequences of New State-Law Property Rights," 117 Yale Law Journal Pocket Part 203 (2008) (co-author with Mitchell M. Gans & Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

"Estate Planning for Persons With Less than $5 Million," Estate Planning, Mar. 2007, at 18 (co-author with Jonathan G. Blattmachr and Georgiana J. Slade)

"Tax Practice in a Circular Revolution: A Review of PLI's Circular 230 Deskbook," 42 Real Property Probate & Trust Journal 213 (2007) (book review)

Estate Planning for Authors and Artists, 815 Tax Mgmt. (BNA) (2004) (co-author with John Sare)

Entries on Andrea Dworkin and Katie Roiphe in the Encyclopedia of Rape (Merril Smith ed., 2004)

Model Estate Planning Documents, in appendix to David Westfall and George P. Mair, Estate Planning Law and Taxation (5th ed., 2003) (co-author with James S. Sligar)

"Grantor Trusts and Income Tax Reporting Requirements: A Primer," Probate Practice Reporter, May 2001, at 1 (co-author with Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

"Wilderness No More: Alaska as the New ‘Offshore’ Trust Jurisdiction," J. of Soc'y Advanced Legal Stud., Nov. 1999 (co-author with Jonathan G. Blattmachr)

"Selected Estate Planning Strategies for Persons with Less Than $3 Million," Estate Planning, July 1999, at 243 (co-author with Jonathan G. Blattmachr & Georgiana J. Slade)

"Gay Does Not Necessarily Mean Good: A Critique of Jeffrey Sherman's ‘Love Speech: The Social Utility of Pornography,'" 5 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law 9 (1996)