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Blaine Sloan Lecture on International Law

October 3, 2012, 4:00 pm,  Robert B. Fleming Moot Courtroom

Professor Ibrahim Gambari
Joint Special Representative African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID)

Making Peace in Darfur (Sudan): Stubborn Reality and the Audacity of Hope


Ibrahim A. Gambari, a scholar-diplomat, was appointed by the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Jean Ping, as Joint Special Representative of the Africa Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur, effective 1 January 2010. In July 2011, Ambassador Gambari was designated Joint Chief Mediator, ad interim, in charge of the ongoing negotiations between the Government of Sudan and the Darfuri opposition movements.

Ambassador Gambari was Under-Secretary-General and Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on the Iraq Compact and Other Issues from 2007 to 2009. On 22 May 2007, the Secretary-General entrusted him with the Good Offices Mandate on Myanmar. Ambassador Gambari was also Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, from 2005 to 2007; UN Special Adviser on Africa (1999-2005), and Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Mission to Angola (2002-2003).

Before joining the United Nations, he served his country as Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Nigeria to the United Nations (1990-1999). In this position, Ambassador Gambari chaired the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid. He was also Minister of Foreign Affairs of Nigeria (1984-1985), and before that the Director-General of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs.

As a scholar, Ambassador Gambari is the author of several books and scholarly articles. He began his teaching career as a Lecturer at the Queen’s College, City University of New York, NY (1969-1974), followed by an Assistant Professorship at the State University of New York, NY (1974-1977). Upon return to his country, Nigeria, he was appointed Senior Lecturer at the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, (1977-1980), and rose to become an Associate Professor (Reader), (1980 – 1983) and subsequently full Professor at the same University (1983 – present – (currently on leave of absence). Ambassador Gambari was a visiting Professor at the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of the Johns Hopkins University, Georgetown University and Howard University in Washington, DC from 1986 to 1989. Ambassador Gambari was also a Research Fellow at the Brookings Institution, Washington, DC, as well as a Resident Scholar with the Rockefeller Foundation Center in Bellagio, Italy.

Ambassador Gambari is a recipient in 2002 of the national honour, Commander of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (CFR). He has also been awarded Doctor of Humane Letters degree (honoris causa) from the University of Bridgeport, Connecticut (2002), Fairleigh Dickinson University, New Jersey (2006), an Honorary Doctorate of Public Service degree from Chatham University (May 2008) and an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters (D.Litt) of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria (November 2011). Others include the Special Recognition for International Development and Diplomacy award conferred by the Africa-America Institute (September 2007), the Distinguished (Foreign) Service Award by the Federal Government of Nigeria (April 2008), the International House’s Harry Edmonds Award for Lifetime Achievement, New York (May 2009) and the Campaign Against Genocide Medal by the Republic of Rwanda (July 2010). Ambassador Gambari was elected to the Johns Hopkins University’s Society of Scholars in 2002 and has, since 2005, served as a member of the International Advisory Board of the Institute of Peace, Leadership and Governance at Africa University, Zimbabwe.


The Blaine Sloan Lecture on International Law honors F. Blaine Sloan for developing the international law studies program at Pace. A member of the United Nations Legal Office for three decades and Director of the General Legal Division, Professor Sloan has contributed significantly to the development of private and public international law. He represented the Secretary General at the 1978 UN Conference on the Carriage of Goods by Sea; at the sessions from 1969–1978 of the UN Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL); and at the 1966–1978 sessions of the Legal Sub-Committee on the Peaceful uses of Outer Space. His UN service involved him in that organization’s work on Vietnam, relief for Palestinian refugees, peacekeeping in the Middle East, the UN Commission on Korea, and as Legal Advisor to Security Council sessions in Africa and Latin America.


Professor Blaine Sloan joined the Pace Law School faculty in 1979 and taught International Law. For many years Professor Blaine Sloan was associated with the United Nations Legal Office as Director of the General Legal Division and as Deputy to the Under Secretary General. While with the United Nations he was on various peacekeeping and refugee foreign mission assignments in the Middle East and Korea. He was legal advisor to the Security Council in meetings away from headquarters and Representative of the Secretary-General at meetings of the Legal Sub-committee on Outer Space and the International Trade Law Commission. (UNCITRAL). He published many articles on international law and organization, including a widely quoted article on General Assembly resolutions. His book, General Assembly Resolutions in Our Changing World, was published in 1991. He was also a member of the Panel of Arbitrators of the American Arbitration Association.

The Blaine Sloan Lecture on International Law honors Blaine Sloan, former Professor Emeritus of International Law and Organization at Pace Law School, for developing the international law studies program at Pace. Professor Sloan passed away on April 12, 2012. You can read more about him and his legacy in this memorial lecture.


Past Lectures

September 15, 2011, at 4:00 PM in the Robert B. Fleming Moot Courtroom

Justice Richard Goldstone of the Constitutional Court of South Africa

 "The Developing Global Rule of Law”

October 4, 2010 at 2:30PM in the Judicial Institute
The Hon Michael Kirby AC CMG
“The Use of Foreign Judicial Authority…Why Justice Scalia is Wrong.”


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Scott Horton
Contributing Editor, Harper's Magazine
"After Gitmo: Obama Grapples with Preventive Detention"



Mark D. Welton, PhD (Lt. Col., Ret.)
Professor of Law, United States Military Academy, West Point
"Islam, the West, and the Rule of Law"



José E. Alvarez
Hamilton Fish Professor of International Law and Diplomacy, Columbia University School of Law
"The Promise and Perils of International Organizations"



Philippe Kirsch
President, International Criminal Court (ICC); and Judge of the International Criminal Court (ICC) Appeals Division
"The International Criminal Court and the Enforcement of International Justice"



Barbara Stark
Professor of Law, Hofstra University School of Law
"Women and Globalization: A World of Change"



Michael Greenhalgh Bridge
Professor of Commercial Law and Dean of the Faculty of Laws, University College London (UCL)
"Uniformity and the Law of International Sale"



George J. Annas
Edward R. Utley Professor and Chair of the Department of Health Law, Bioethics, and Human Rights, Boston University School of Public Health
Professor of Law, Boston University School of Law
Professor of Socio-Medical Sciences, Boston University School of Medicine
Founder and first Director, Boston University's Law, Medicine, and Ethics Program
"Human Rights and Health in a World of Inequality"

Harold G. Maier
David Daniels Allen Professor of Law Emeritus, Vanderbilt University Law School 
"The Cuban Democracy Act: Is the Cure Worse than the Disease?"



M. Cherif Bassiouni
President Emeritus, International Human Rights Law Institute; and Distinguished Research Professor of Law, DePaul University College of Law
President, International Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal Sciences (ISISC), Siracusa, Italy
"International Humanitarian Law"


David J. Scheffer
Mayer Brown/Robert A. Helman Professor of Law; and Director of the Center for International Human Rights, Northwestern University
First U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues (1997–2001)
"War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity"


W. Ramsey Clark
Sixty-Sixth Attorney General of the United States
"The Legality and the Effects of the United Nations Sanctions against Iraq"



Stephen M. Schwebel
Judge, International Court of Justice (President from 1997–2000)
"The Performance and Prospects for the International Court of Justice"



Shoshana Netanyahu
Justice, Supreme Court of Israel
"The Supreme Court of Israel: A Safeguard of The Rule of Law"



W. Michael Reisman
Myres S. McDougal Professor of International Law, Yale Law School; Chairman, Hague Arbitration Tribunal, Bank for International Settlements
International Election Observation



Benjamin B. Ferencz
Chief Prosecutor for the United States Army, Einsatzgruppen Trial of the 'Subsequent Nuremberg Trials' at Nuremberg, Germany
Adjunct Professor of International Law (1985-1996), Pace University School of Law
"International Criminal Courts: The Legacy of Nuremberg"


Ronald St. John Macdonald, CC, QC
Founding President, Canadian Council on International Law
Judge, European Court of Human Rights
Solidarity in International Public Law


Ian Brownlie, CBE, QC, FBA
Chichele Professor of Public International Law, University of Oxford; and Distinguished Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford
"The Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes in Practice"



David O'Keeffe
Emeritus Professor of European Law, University of London (UCL)
"The Constitutionalization of Europe and Legal Issues of the Maastricht Treaty"



Louis Henkin
University Professor Emeritus and Special Service Professor, Columbia Law School; and chairman, Columbia University Center for the Study of Human Rights; former president, American Society of International Law
"Congress, the President, and the United Nations"


John N. Hazard
Nash Professor Emeritus of Law, Columbia Law School;
President, International Academy of Comparative Law; President, American Foreign Law Association and of the American Branch of the International Law Association; Former president of the International Association of Legal Sciences
"New Thinking in Soviet Approaches to International Politics and Law"


Oscar Schachter
Hamilton Fish Professor Emeritus of International Law and Diplomacy, Columbia Law School; Advisor, UN Commission on Transnational Corporations 
"Just War and Human Rights"



F. Blaine Sloan
Professor Emeritus of International Law and Organization, Pace Law School
"The United Nations Charter as a Constitution"